Stomach is a sac like muscular structure located in the upper middle part fo the abdomen. The stomach recieves and hold the food that we eat. When there is uncontrolled growth in the lining of the stomach then the this is called stomach cancer or gastric cancer. Stomach cancer or gasrtric cancer can affect the main stomach or gastroesophageal junction, which is the point where esophagus meets the stomach. It is very common type of gastrointestinal cancers for which treatment is available in India. Stomach cancers are of many types but some of the most common types of gastric or stomach cancers include Adenocarcinomas, Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumours, Neuroendocrine Tumours and Lymphomas.
Smoking and tobacco consumption
Excessive Alcohol intake
Spicy and oily foods
Type A blood
Exposure to Asbestos
Following are the symptoms os stomach or gastric cancer:
Difficulty in swallowing food
Feeling full after a small meal
Bloating of stomach
Indigestion with acidity
Stomach pain accompanied with nausea
Unexplained weight loss
Diagnosis of Stomach Cancer in India
Stomach or gastric cancer is diagnosed through mutiple tests and investigations. The tests are advised after the physical examination of the patient by the stomach cancer specialist and surgeon in OPD. Following are the tests that are used to diagnose gastric or stomach cancer:
An ultrasound is the primary investigation to start with
An upper GI endoscopy is required to have an internal examination
CT Scan of the abdomen with contrast is considered one of the best imaging modality for diagnosing gastric cancer
Biopsy during the endoscopy can lead to the conclusive diagnosis
Treatment planning for stomach or gastric cancer in India is done based on the staging provided by a PET CT Scan of the whole body.
Stage 0 - This is the pre-cancer stage. Means that the growth has not converted into cancer yet. In this case the stomach cancer surgeon will best remove a part of your stomach to stop the spread.
Stage 1 - Here the cancer is there in the internal lining and may also be in near by lymph nodes. In this case the best option for the gastric cancer surgeon in india would be to remove part or entire stomach along with lymph nodes.
Stage 2 - Cancer in this stage has spread in entire stomach and lymph nodes. In this scenaria cancer surgeon would remove the entore stomach which would be followed by chemotherapy.
Stage 3 - Herein the cancer has spread to stomach and nearby organs like spleen etc. This is an advanced stage. As such the stomach cancer surgeon would remove the entire stomach and you would be subjected to chemo and radiation. At times this treatment is not for cure but to relieve the symptoms of patient.
Cost of the treatment and surgery for gastric or stomach cancer in India depends upon the stage. The cost may range from INR 2,00,000 to INR 5,00,000.
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