Colon is a approximately 5 Ft long tube like structure which connects small intestine to rectum. Cancer in colon is called colon cancer and that in rectum is called rectal cancer. Since the two of these organs are interconnected hence the cancer in either of two is generally called colo-rectal cancer. The cancer in colon especially can form in ascending colon which is the starting point or transverse colon, which is the middle part or the descending colon which is the lower part or in sigmoid colon which is the end part of colon.
The best part about colo-rectal cancers is that it starts as polyps which are non-cancerous or pre-cancerous in nature. Another good thing is that these polyps are slow growing in nature. So this gives ample time for the cancer specialist or the doctor to diagnose and take neccessary steps to control the growth. Still the main issue is how soon a patient observes the changes and goes to the doctor for consultation.
There can be various reasons that can make you more prone to getting colo rectal cancer. Patients that our cancer specialists have seen in India have following common causes:
Problem with colon or rectal cancer is that they do not present with symptoms in early stage. Even the polyps are mostly incedental findings. However, following are the most common symptoms of colo-rectal cancer as seen in patients at LivCure centre in India and should not be missed or taken casually:
The best way to diagnose colorectal cancer is an examination by a gastro or a GI cancer specialist in OPD in India. This could be followed by series of investigations that may include:
Treatment of any cancer depends upon the staging. PET CT is the gold standard and one of the best test for staging of cancer in India.
In case the colorectal cancer is localized in colon then Dr Ankur Garg, one of the best cancer surgeon in India can remove it during the colonoscopy. Even a bit bigger polyps can be removed during the colonoscopy procedure.
However, there are cases where the cancer has advanced in that case more extensive surgery may be performed by the colorectal or Gastro cancer surgeon in India. They may include:
Cost of treatment of colorectal surgery in India varies with the stage of cancer and can range between INR 1,50,000 to INR 5,00,000. India offers cost advantage to patients coming from various part of the world along with technological advancements and some of the best doctor and surgeons.